1. What?

LITHIUM

What is lithium?

It is the lightest metal that exists.

Its name identified from the Greek word for “stone”: lithium.

On the periodic table of the elements it has the symbol Li and the atomic number 3. In its pure form, it is a soft, silver-white metal that quickly oxidizes in air or water.

Lithium is used for:

Batteries

Medicine

Cell phones

Notebooks

Electric

Vehicles

Lubricants

FRESH WATER V/S BRINE

Fresh water and brine: Why are they different?

The extraction of brine from the Salar de Atacama does not directly affect the fresh water resources of the area.

FRESH WATER V/S BRINE

What is the difference between water and brine?

350

Grs. OF SALT IN BRINE

35

GRS. OF SALT IN SEA WATER

5

Grs. OF SALT IN FRESH WATER
LITHIUM

Main Lithium Compounds

Main Lithium Compounds

Lithium carbonate

Main Applications
• Rechargeable batteries.

• Special glasses.
• Ceramic and tile.
• Cements and special adhesives.
• Powders for continuous casting of steel and polymers.
• Aluminum
Main Lithium Compounds

Lithium hydroxide

Main Applications
• Rechargeable batteries
• Lubricating greases
• Colorants
Main Lithium Compounds

LITHIUM CHLORIDE

Main Applications
• Automobile welds
• Organic synthesis
• Biochemical
• Colorants
Main Lithium Compounds

METALLIC LITHIUM

Main Applications
• Aerospace industry

2. Where?

WHERE CAN WE FIND LITHIUM?

A desert fertile in lithium

The world’s largest lithium reserve is located in the Salar de Atacama, in Chile. SQM operates here, lithium is obtained from brine in a sustainable process. It is processed in solar evaporation ponds for more than 12 months.

Main sources of lithium in the world

Chile 0%
Australia 0%
Argentina 0%
China 0%

Source: USGS

The world requires 800,000 tons of lithium (LCE) between now and 2025.

52%

OF THE WORLD RESERVE OF LITHIUM IS IN THE SALAR DE ATACAMA - CHILE.

3. How?

Sustainable lithium in the Salar de Atacama

SQM has:

  • Strict environmental approvals from authorities.
  • Concern for the cultural and environmental heritage of the area.
  • Permanent commitment to improve your processes.
  • Measurement of your carbon footprint.
  • Emission reduction plan.
  • Optimization in the use of water.
  • Constant monitoring of operation through a robust system.
SUSTAINABLE LITHIUM IN THE SALAR DE ATACAMA

Robust monitoring system

225

HYDROGEOLOGICAL MONITORING POINTS
  • Flora and fauna monitoring plan.
  • Monitoring of satellite images.
  • Wildlife censuses.
  • Limnological studies.
  • Early Warning Plan.
  • Online monitoring program open to the community.
  • Monitoring of extraction in ponds.

150

COMMUNITY PROGRAMS

Through various agreements and commitments, more than 150 programs are carried out today to collaborate with the preservation of the cultural and environmental heritage, the development of the area and neighboring towns.

The plans focus on social development, education and culture, historical heritage and agriculture, and they work together with the communities, according to their requirements.

International standard

All operations are regulated in accordance with the highest international standards. In Chile, 15 state levels review compliance with environmental and safety regulations.

4. Why?

LITHIUM MOVES THE WORLD

The importance of lithium

Lithium and its derivatives constitute a key input for technological development and electromobility. It is essential in pharmaceutical applications and also has industrial uses.

If you get on an electric vehicle, wear glasses, walk on a ceramic or turn on a computer, you are interacting with products that use lithium in their manufacture.

LITHIUM MOVES THE WORLD

Where is lithium present in my life?

Communications

Transportation

Health

Lithium batteries power our phones, tablets, cars, among many other everyday devices.
Lithium is key in the development of the electrical automotive market.
LITHIUM MOVES THE WORLD

Advantages of electromobility

• It protects the environment.
• No noise pollution is generated.
It´s more efficient.
Comfortable driving is obtained.
Little maintenance is needed.

60 MILLIONS

OF ELECTRIC AUTOMOBILES WILL BE SOLD BY 2040
LITHIUM MOVES THE WORLD

Uses of Lithium

If you wear glasses, walk on ceramics, or turn on a computer, you are interacting with products that use lithium in their making.

Being one of the metals with the highest energy density, it is a material that is widely used in the technological area.

5. ¿Who??

ORIGINARY COMMUNITIES, FLORA AND FAUNA

Communities near the Salar

• Peine at 37km.
• Camar at 43km.

• Tocaonao at 50km.
• Socaire at 50km.
• Talabre at 53km.

Distance from the Core

37

SEPARATE THE CORE OF THE NEAREST COMMUNITY SALAR.
ORIGINARY COMMUNITIES, FLORA AND FAUNA

FLORA AND FAUNA

SQM works in the driest desert in the world. In the core of the Salar there is only a salt crust and there has never been any flora or fauna. Nor has any element of environmental interest been recognized.

In the surroundings there is plant and animal life, and for it´s protection, SQM´s Environmental Impact Study has a robust environmental monitoring plan.

52

WETLANDS MONITORED
SINCE 1997 BY CONAF.

6. FACTS & MYTHS

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Communities, Environmental, Production

Life Cycle of Lithium (Life Cycle Assessment of Lithium)

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Environmental, Production

Environmental inspection in the Salar de Atacama

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Environmental, Production

Impact of brine extraction

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Environmental, Production

Control of carbon footprint

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Communities, Environmental

Protection of flamingos

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Production

State control of extraction

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Environmental, Production

Minimal environmental impacto

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Environmental, Production

Monitoring program and CONAF

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Communities, Environmental, Production

Brine is not fresh water